Italy is a country that's located in the southern part of Europe. It consists of several land areas as well as mainland. Italy's capital, Rome is situated at the central-western part of the Italian peninsula. It is the largest and most populated city in Italy, consisting of over 2,7 million residents and known for the location of majorities of hotels in Italy.
Being one of the oldest countries in the world, with the highest number of cultural sites and museums consisting of over 3000, Italy's population as of 2009 measures approximately 60 million. Italy's capital, Rome is almost 3,000 years old, making it one of the oldest cities in the world.
With approximately 50 million visitors every year, Italy is recognized as the 4th most sightseeing country in the world. Italy's land mass measures about 301,230 square kilometers of which 294,020 square kilometer is occupied by land, while the remaining 7,120 square kilometer is occupied by water. Italy comprises of religions such as Roman Catholic, Jews, Protestants and Islamic religion. However, 87,8% of Italian associate themselves as Roman Catholic.
The languages spoken in Italy are Italian, English, French, German and Slovene. However, Italian language is the official language spoken. The Italian flag comprises of three colors: green, white and red which represents hope, faith and charity.
The ice cream cone, the espresso machine, the thermometer, the typewriter and the eyeglasses originated from Italy. Italy experiences natural disasters like volcanoes and earth quakes more than any other European country. The symbol 'SPQR' which stands for 'the senate and people of Rome' can be found on several ancient buildings in Rome.
Italy was united as a nation in the year 1861. The University of Rome is one of the most ancient universities on earth; it was founded in 1303 A.D. by the Catholic Church. The accepted currency in Italy is the euro, which was introduced to member countries on the 1st of January 1999 by the European monetary union, and later became the only currency in Italy for every day transaction on the 1st of January 2002.